The author has no competing interests to declare.
Professor Colin Sparks is Professor of Media Studies Director of the Centre for Media and Communication Research at Hong Kong Baptist University. He has studied at Sussex, Oxford receiving a doctoral degree from the Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies, Birmingham University. At the University of Westminster for many years he was the Director of CAMRI Communication and Media Research Institute and he is currently an Editor of Media, Culture and Society and on the editorial boards of Chinese Journal of Communication and Westminster Papers in Communication and Culture. He is the author of the book Development, Globalization and the Media (2007).